Care and cultivation of the camellia flower
Beautiful flowers on the windowsill - the dream of almost every hostess. And those who have camellia blooms are incredibly lucky. This is an amazing plant with gorgeous flowers and leaves with glitter, which pleases with its beauty during the cold winter season.
But the process of growing it is quite laborious and complex, not everyone can do it. We will talk about the basic rules and conditions that will help the charming Camellia to remain elegant always.
East Asian Beauty
Camellias growing in flowerpots are decorative species. In nature, they are common in East Asian countries. The wild plant can reach a height of 12 meters, and the diameter of the flowers is 5-15 cm. For a room type, special conditions must be created. How to care for such a "fastidious" flower?
- Temperature mode. Immediately it should be noted that in the apartment the plant is unlikely to survive. The ideal place is a glazed balcony or private house. In winter, the comfortable temperature is + 10- + 12 degrees.It is important to ensure that it does not exceed and was not lower than this mark. In summer, optimal conditions are high humidity at + 20- + 25 degrees.
Humidity can be created artificially, using special devices, or by placing the pots in a wet peat pan. Spraying will also work, but they are prohibited during the flowering period, as they can damage the flowers.
In the warm period, you can keep the plant in open space, but on condition that there will be no drafts.
- Shine. For camellias growing on the balcony, it is better to choose the east or west side. On the north light will not be enough, but on the south pot you will have to constantly put in the shade at lunchtime.
In order for the flower to grow evenly, it must be periodically rotated. Avoid such manipulations only during the flowering period to avoid damage to the flowers.
- Watering and fertilizer. Camellia needs regular watering, but you need to monitor the soil. The next watering can be done only if the top layer of the substrate has become dry after the previous time. It is also important to use separated or rainwater.Lime in running water can kill the plant.
In the spring, when the first shoots appear, the plant needs additional feeding. It is enough to do it 1 time in 2-3 weeks, using fertilizers without lime. Suitable for feeding orchids.
- The soil. This is one of the few flowers that can grow in sour soil. The optimum pH level is 4 and below. It will not be superfluous to add bark of needles to the substrate.
- Transfer. If necessary, this can be done in November and February. Despite the fact that it is during this period that the camellias bloom, you can safely engage in planting, as the plant is at rest. But the laying of new shoots and a period of growth falls in the spring, then replanting a flower is contraindicated.
Young plants need to be transplanted once a year, and adults will be enough once every two years. In order for them to grow in a “cap”, the tops need to be plucked periodically.
It is easy to choose a suitable look for your home or garden; you just need to pay attention to the main characteristics:
- Camellia mountain. Suitable for cultivation in gardens and dacha plots.Reaches a height of 4 meters, and the flowers can be both single and collected in inflorescences. It is pleasing to the eye this plant from November to January.
- Japanese May be in the form of a tree and a shrub. Grows in pots and open field. The temperature required for flowering is not higher than +12 degrees. If you plant it in the greenhouse, then perhaps even the appearance of the fruit.
This species is most common for growing at home. It was on its basis that various varieties were bred.
- Chinese (tea bush). Evergreen shrub, from the leaves of which, as a result of complex processing, dry tea is obtained, and oil is made from seeds.
Diseases and pests
One of the most dangerous diseases for the camellia is root rot. It may result from excessive watering or low air temperature. To save in this case, the plant can only be transplanted into another soil.
Phyllosticosis is manifested by the formation of brown spots on the leaves of the flower. This is a fungal disease, and it requires treatment with copper sulfate, reduction of air humidity, as well as removal of the affected leaves.
Get caught on a home plant can also spider mite.It feeds on the sap of the flower, draining it. The first thing that does not like the pest - the increase in humidity. Of popular methods suitable treatment with soap and water, and experienced gardeners recommend the use of insecticides.
It is also worth noting that the Japanese camellia, despite its visual appeal, is a poisonous plant, so care should be taken to it, using gloves.
In addition to its aesthetic function, camellia also has healing properties. Leaf derived oil has an antiseptic and anesthetic effect. And from the collected flowers of Chinese camellia you will get a fragrant and tasty tea.
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