Causes of the Great Patriotic War

Early in the morning of June 22, 1941, fascist Germany treacherously attacked the Soviet Union. Every Soviet schoolchild knows this phrase. But the real causes of the Great Patriotic War, which has become the most ambitious and harsh in the history of mankind, are still unknown. There are many official versions, with the main of which we offer to read.

Soviet version

In Soviet historiography, there is an unequivocal indication of the ideological reasons for the start of the Great Patriotic War. The socialist system, which, in the opinion of the Soviet leaders, confidently went to the creation of a society without the rich and the poor, was in the whole Western capitalist world like an eyesore.

The operational situation in Europe at that time was as follows. For two years (since 1939), there was the Second World War between Germany and Italy on the one hand and England and France on the other. The scene of the fighting in the early years was Poland and Czechoslovakia. Poland was cut to the root.But, nevertheless, the Soviet Union maintained visible neutrality and even concluded a non-aggression pact with Germany.

The violation of this Pact by German troops, on the morning of June 22, 1941, allowed the Soviet Union to absolutely legitimately declare Germany an aggressor and begin to defend itself from attack.

An interesting fact: in the famous appeal of Molotov about the beginning of the war (which ends with the legendary phrase "Our cause is just. The enemy will be defeated. Victory will be ours") several times strongly urged not to believe that the attack was caused by numerous provocations Soviet troops. It should be noted that by that time the regular units of the Red Army had already been on the border with Europe for two years. The number of troops standing on both sides of the border already in 1940 excluded a peaceful settlement of the arisen world conflict. The only question was who would be the first to start fighting in Germany or the Soviet Union.

German version

German historiography paints us the following picture. The rapidly developing Germany in the 1930s, was eager for revenge for the loss in the First World War and the return of the territories that it considered its own: Austria, Poland and Czechoslovakia.Since the victors of the First World War (USA, Great Britain, France) actively resisted this country, a military conflict was inevitable. Hitler planned to deliver the main blow to them. But after a series of failures, it becomes clear that enormous resources are needed for the further conduct of the war.

And then he decides to resort to a fallback and use the raw material resources of the Soviet Union to defeat Britain and France. Again, an ideological basis is brought into this matter, in which the German population is told about the inequality of races and nations. German, naturally above all, the rest - much lower. The question of the superiority of some nations over others has always been very acute in history. Special Nazi historians write tremendous works in which they prove that supposedly historically, in ancient times, people living on the territory of Kievan Rus were slaves of ancient Teutons. And the attack on the Soviet Union is not an attack at all, but the restoration of historical justice.

And at this tense moment, according to German historians, the Soviet Union begins hostilities at the border (the very provocations).To clear the rear, and at the same time take advantage of foreign resources, German troops were forced to attack the Soviet Union.

Be that as it may, the true causes of the start of the Great Patriotic War will remain forever covered with the darkness of history.



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