Effective ways to get rid of the wireworm
Pests deliver a lot of trouble, degrade the quality of the fruit and spoil the harvest. So, many are faced with the wireworm, which can be a real problem. But you can and should get rid of it.
Why does the wire appear, how to find it?
First you should write that the wire is the larva of the click beetle, which is an intermediate stage of its development. And in this form the pest exists up to five years. It looks like a thin segmented worm of red, dark yellow or brown. The name of the insect has received for such a color, as well as for a dense and slippery body, resembling a wire. Wireworms feed on various plants, and not only fruits, but also greens and seeds.
The main reasons for the appearance of the wireworm:
- The presence in the garden of weeds, especially such as wheat grass.
- A moist and excessively acidic soil, in which ideal conditions for the existence of wireworms are created.
- Densely planted plants.Among them, pests feel comfortable and receive protection from direct sunlight.
You can find the wireworm on the traces left by it, which are found especially often in potatoes. These can be holes in the fruit, faded or damaged leaves. When loosening the soil, you can see individual insects digging passages.
How to destroy pests?
How to quickly get rid of the wireworm? First of all, you should create conditions that are unfavorable or even destructive for such insects. To do this, loosen the soil regularly so that it is ventilated and not overly moist.
Also reduce its acidity with ash, lime, chalk, or crushed eggshell. Such funds are introduced into the soil and mixed with it. You can plant on the site of the plant, which the wireworm does not like and does not tolerate. These include corn, all legumes (beans, peas), buckwheat, mustard, clover, alfalfa, dahlia. All weeds must be removed along with the roots. And if the landing is excessively frequent, you should thin them out.
To combat insects, you can use specialized tools that contain insecticidal components and destroy pests. You can buy these drugs in hardware stores or departments.But it is worth remembering that substances of such means inevitably fall on the crop and can worsen its characteristics.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners use proven folk remedies:
- Try making baits: put pieces of raw potatoes, beets or carrots on sticks, put them in the ground. Regularly remove the traps, and get caught on them wireworms in any way. But this method is expedient to use before fruit bearing of plants.
- Treat the soil with a non-concentrated solution of potassium permanganate: it will not harm the plants and will even benefit, and will cause pests to retire. In a full bucket of water, add about a teaspoon of potassium permanganate. You can spray the product with a spray or sprinkler, or you can use a conventional watering can.
- Destroy the wireworm help homemade poisoning. To prepare on oilcloth, sprinkle superphosphate in an even, thin layer, spray a glass of acetone on it, diluted with half a glass of water (any insecticide can be added to this solution). When everything dries, scatter the pieces on the soil, deepening into it.
- Fertilize the soil with ammonium sulfate.One square meter is enough three tablespoons.
- Add crushed onion peel to the ground, the smell of which will repel pests.
- Immerse spruce needles into the soil: the coniferous smell will scare away insects.
- Prepare the syrup, moisten the straw in it abundantly, form a pile and spread it around the garden. The larvae will creep up on the smell and stick.
In order not to encounter such a problem as a wire in the garden, you should follow a few simple rules of prevention:
- About once every two or three years, change the place of planting crops. Also, it will be useful to update the soil, but it is important to use high-quality, nutritious, not very sour and not infected by pests soil.
- Do not plant the plants too close to each other, leave free areas between them.
- Before planting, it is necessary to dig up the ground well so that the larvae will be under direct sunlight. In addition, deep loosening (at least 20-30 centimeters) can be carried out before the onset of cold weather: in this case, the insects will freeze and die.
- Do not allow the area to become overgrown with weeds, weed them regularly.
- Spread legumes, corn, or flowers with a strong smell, such as marigolds or dahlias. Such plants will scare away the wireworm.
- Before planting, the wells can be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate (a teaspoon of 9-10 liters of water). One bucket is enough for the whole garden.
Let the fight with the wireworm be effective!
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