How to keep flowers longer in a vase?
Flowers - a symbol of celebration and joy, so I want them to as long as possible to delight the eye with their beautiful views and fill the house with a wonderful fragrance. But, unfortunately, the age of cut flowers is not long, and in a few days they begin to wilt. Therefore, many women are wondering - how to preserve the freshness of the gift bouquet as long as possible?
Of course, all the flowers are different, and each of them needs their own approach, but there are general recommendations that will help you prolong the life of a beautiful bouquet.
Preparation of flowers
In order to keep your bouquet as long as possible fresh, you need to follow the following sequence of actions:
1. Adapt flowers to room temperature.
Many of us, having received a bouquet of flowers as a gift, immediately rush to put it in a vase, but this is a big mistake, especially when it's winter outside. Flowers do not like sudden changes in temperature. If your bouquet has been in the cold for some time, then it can not be immediately put in a vase of water, otherwise it will wither quickly.It is necessary to gradually adapt the flowers to room temperature.
If possible, they must first be placed somewhere in a cooler place, and in an hour or two you can bring them into the room. Do not forget that flowers like cool. The optimum temperature for them is 18ºС, so it is impossible for them to stand near radiators and any other heat sources.
2. Remove leaves
Before you put a bouquet in a vase you need to make sure that there are not a single leaf left on the stems that will be in the water, as they promote the propagation of harmful bacteria, because of what the bouquet can quickly fade. The roses also need to cut all the thorns.
3. Cut the stems
In order that the flowers do not fade for a long time, it is necessary to cut off the stems, but you need to do this with a very sharp knife under the stream of water, so that the air does not clog the vessels of the plant. After that, he can not get out of the water. The cut should be oblique at an angle of 45º.
Thus, the area of the stem for sucking water will be more. You can also further increase it with the help of simple tricks. To do this, woody stems, such as those of roses and chrysanthemums, must be split and a match inserted into the slot.And in hollow tubular stalks, such as in dahlias, you need to fill the water with a syringe and plug them with cotton wool. In flowers that produce milky sap, such as poppy, cut off the stems must either be burned on a fire or immersed in boiling water for a few seconds.
After this, the curdled juice should be removed and the bouquet can be put in a vase. On soft stems like tulips, gladioli and daffodils, you need to scratch with a needle how many vertical lines. A stalk of cloves should be dipped into alcohol.
Vase selection and water preparation
Flowers love space, so their stems in a vase should not be tightly pressed together. The material of the vase can be any other than metal. Most suitable vessels of dark glass. In a transparent vase, bacteria will multiply rapidly due to direct sunlight.
It is important to consider that roses should be placed in high vessels, since these flowers should be immersed in water two thirds. You must first wash the vase thoroughly with detergent and rinse well with clean water.
Water is important for preserving the freshness of flowers. If you want your bouquet to please you more than one day, then you must take care of its quality.For flowers, spring or melt water is most suitable, but tap water can also be used. Only it must first be defended during the day, so that all the chlorine disappears.
Also extend the life of the bouquet can help special tools that can be bought at a flower shop. The most popular of them are “Bud”, “Bud-2”, “Bouquet”, “Chrysal” and others. They contain antimicrobial and nutrients that increase the lifespan of cut flowers to 20 days, depending on the time of year.
But if you do not have the opportunity to buy these drugs, you can use folk remedies.
In order for the bouquet to remain fresh for a long time, water must be previously decontaminated. To do this, in 1 liter of water you need to add:
- 1 tablespoon of vinegar and 1 teaspoon of sugar;
- 0.1 gram of boric acid;
- 1 tablespoon of soda, quenched with lemon juice;
- potassium permanganate on the tip of the knife;
- 1 tablet of aspirin or streptocide per 6 liters of water.
It should be noted that each flower is suitable for a particular environment. Chrysanthemums, carnations and roses prefer water with aspirin. Asters and chamomiles will stay fresh longer in water with the addition of alcohol (1 teaspoon to 1 liter of water). But tulips and daffodils love water with potassium permanganate.In order to make a nutrient medium for the plants, you need to add 1.5 teaspoons of sugar to the water per liter.
Where to put the vase?
Best of all, a well-lit, cool room is suitable for a beautiful bouquet, but you need to avoid drafts and temperature changes, as the flowers do not like them. It is also impossible that they are under the action of direct sunlight, otherwise they will quickly fade.
Do not put a vase next to the fruit, as they produce ethylene, which contributes to rotting. Keep flowers away from heat sources so that they do not wither.
Daily care for flowers
An important role in ensuring that the bouquet retains its freshness as long as possible is played by daily care. The water in the vase must be changed every day, while the vessel itself must be thoroughly washed with soapy water. Every time you change the water, you must cut flowers.
This should be done under a stream of water, and the cut itself should be somewhere one centimeter above the previous cut. It is also necessary to remove dried leaves and petals. After that, the bouquet can be put in fresh water.
There are some more useful tips that will help you to enjoy the view of a beautiful bouquet for a long time. Here are some of them:
- Save the longer the roses in the vase will help you the next step.Before putting a bouquet in a vase, it must be placed in a container with a large amount of water, which should cover the flowers before the buds themselves. Thus, the roses should be “cleared off” within a few hours. After which they can be put in a vase.
- Irises and tulips love cool water, so you can add ice cubes to it.
- Destructive to other flowers lilies of the valley, daffodils and reseda.
- Roses, carnations, daffodils and lilies are best placed in different vases. So they will last longer.
- It is beneficial for all flowers affected sprig of thuja.
At first glance, caring for flowers is rather troublesome, but as a reward they will delight you with their appearance and wonderful aroma for a long time.
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