Interesting features of Scandinavian cuisine
Real gourmets and simple lovers of tasty food know that there are many cuisines of the world. The mystery for many is the unusual and very interesting Scandinavian cuisine. And what features it differs?
It is worth noting that the Scandinavian cuisine began to form very long ago. And its main features are determined by the climate of the Scandinavian countries, as well as in some ways by the mentality of the peoples. Since it is very cold in these places, the choice of products is limited, and therefore most of the dishes can be called fairly simple, that is, not requiring the use of many different ingredients.
In addition, all the food of the Scandinavians was always very nourishing and quite fatty, because these people had to spend a lot of time in the cold and had to withstand low temperatures. And since it was quite difficult and inconvenient to prepare dishes in conditions characteristic of Scandinavian countries, the hostesses always prepared for the future.And while the dishes could be stored for a long time and not spoil. This was achieved through various marinades, spices and a significant amount of salt.
Modern Scandinavian cuisine is different from that existed several centuries ago, but still the main features are preserved.
What is it like?
Scandinavian cuisine includes national cuisines of Finland, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The most loved among the peoples of the Scandinavian Peninsula and the products that are often used are the following:
- A fish. And this is not surprising, because it is very accessible. Species such as herring, cod, salmon, flounder, mackerel, salmon and some others are especially popular.
- Milk. It is not only enjoyed with pleasure several times a day, but also added to various dishes, side dishes and sauces. Milk is also boiled porridge.
- Eggs. Most often they are boiled and added to salads or sandwiches.
- Meat. Scandinavians especially love pork, veal and beef. Meat is prepared as hot dishes, and cold appetizers.
- Popular bakery products. Only one bread knows several unusual varieties: with cumin, juniper, black sweet, white and others.Often, various spices are added to the bread.
- Cereals. Of them cook delicious porridge, as well as soups.
- Popular and potatoes, from which they prepare a variety of side dishes.
- Beans are also often used for cooking.
- Many recipes involve the addition of berries (especially northern, such as lingonberries). And they are added not only to pastries.
- Favorite and most frequently used drink is coffee.
But any country has its own unique culinary characteristics, so it’s worth telling about each of them in more detail.
Swedes skillfully prepare various homemade sausages with spices (most often with pepper and cumin). The favorite fish in this country is herring, which is often salted or marinated. Marinated herring there are several dozen species. Also, Swedes often cook the liver.
It is cut into pieces and boiled, flavored with spices, and then poured with strong and rich broth. In addition, a lot of berries grow in Sweden, so jams, berry sauces, and pastries with berries are popular. One of the most popular Swedish dishes are meat balls, served with boiled potatoes and lingonberry jam.
Peculiarities of Norwegian cuisine are similar to the culinary traditions of other Scandinavian countries. In this country, they respect, honor and enjoy eating fish in any kind. It is salted, dried, marinated and even kept underground.
Meat is also popular. The traditional Norwegian dish is the sheep's head, served with mashed potatoes and rutabaga. Norwegians make very soft and mild goat cheese. And in this country they respect and often eat porridge. Wheat on cream with raspberries is especially popular.
In Denmark, they also love fish. Another feature is the passion for sandwiches. And this is not only simple and satisfying sandwiches, but also complex, "multi-storey" with many layers (often in one sandwich there are seemingly incompatible ingredients). In this country there are restaurants in which only sandwiches are served. Also worth noting is the love of the Danes for the berries. They cook dessert soups, prepare pies, jellies and other desserts.
Finns are more sophisticated in the field of cooking, so in this country you can taste a lot of unusual and delicious dishes. Special attention should be paid to fish cakes, which are prepared from different kinds of fish and rye dough. Karelian pies stuffed with rice or potatoes are delicious.
At Easter, almost everyone cooks “mummy” - thick porridge from hops, malt and rye flour with the addition of water and salt, seasoned with cream and sugar. Often, the Finns make casseroles from potatoes, carrots or swede. Mushrooms are widely used. Berry pies and other desserts are popular.
What to cook unusual and tasty from Scandinavian cuisine? We offer several recipes.
The following ingredients are required to make the famous fish cake:
- 200 grams of wheat flour;
- 200 grams of rye flour;
- 1 glass of water;
- 60 grams of butter;
- 800 grams of sea fish fillets;
- 200 grams of bacon;
- 2 onions;
- 2-3 tablespoons of cream;
- salt and pepper to taste;
- 1 egg
- Knead the dough. To do this, sift the flour and gradually add water to it, mixing everything with your hands. Then add the softened butter and a little salt. Roll the dough into a layer, fold it in half and place on the cold for about half an hour.
- Do the preparation of the filling. Chop the bacon into small pieces, peel the onions and cut them in any way. Mince grilled lard and onion, as well as fish fillets.Add pepper, salt and cream to the mince, mix well.
- Dough roll into a rectangular not very thin layer. Put the stuffing on one side, cover it with the other side. The edges are protected. Grease the dough with an egg.
- Put the cake on a greased baking sheet (or on parchment soaked in butter) and bake for about 3 hours on low heat.
To prepare such an unusual dish you will need:
- 1 kg of herring fillet;
- 5 tablespoons of breading or ordinary crushed crackers;
- 5 tablespoons of flour;
- 100 grams of bacon;
- salt to taste
- Cut the fillet into pieces of medium size. Salt each with salt, sprinkle with vinegar, and coat it with mustard on all sides.
- Now dip each piece first into the flour, and then into the crackers.
- Fat cut into small pieces, put in a frying pan and wait until the fat begins to melt.
- Fry the herring fillet until fragrant crisp.
Like many other dishes, fried herring is served most often with potatoes.
Danish Christmas oatmeal cake
To make this dessert you will need:
- 500 grams of oatmeal;
- 400 ml of milk;
- 1 or 2 small chicken eggs;
- 4 tablespoons of sugar (it is best to use brown);
- 2 tablespoons of flour;
- 4-5 tablespoons of seedless raisins;
- 25-30 grams of almond;
- 2 teaspoons baking powder (you can replace the soda, quenched with boiling water);
- zest of 1 lemon;
- 1 teaspoon cinnamon;
- ½ tsp ground cardamom;
- 3-5 buds of cloves;
- 30 grams of butter.
- Heat the milk a little, then add oatmeal into it (leave 2-3 tablespoons for the powder). Leave the mass for half an hour to swell.
- Raise the raisins with hot water for 20-30 minutes to soften.
- Beat the egg with sugar and add to the milk-oatmeal mass.
- Mix flour with baking powder, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon, enter into the dough.
- Grate lemon rind on a fine grater, add the zest to the dough along with the raisins.
- Chop almonds and also enter into the dough, mix everything well.
- Smear the form with butter, sprinkle the bottom with flakes and spread the dough. Sprinkle everything over with flakes.
- Bake the cake at 170 degrees for about 40 minutes.
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